International Organization is a leading peer-reviewed journal that covers the entire field of international affairs. Subject areas include: foreign policies, international relations, international and comparative political economy, security policies, environmental disputes and resolutions, European integration, alliance patterns and war, bargaining and conflict resolution, economic development and adjustment, and international capital movements. Published on behalf of the International Organization Foundation .
air pollutioncan affect our health in many ways with a both short-term effects differentgroups of individuals are affected by air pollution in different ways .someindividuals are much more sensitive to pollutants than are others. youngchildren and elderly people after suffer more from effects of air pollutionpeople with health problems such asthma .heart and lung disease may also suffermore when the air is polluted the extent to witch in individual is harmed by airpollution usually depends on the total to the damaging chemicals. The durationof exposure and the concentration of the chemicals must be taken into account.This s the end of paragraph I wish to benefit it ok
Thedistinction between science, and technology is not always clear. Science is thereasoned investigation or study of phenomena, aimed at discovering enduringprinciples among elements of the phenomenal world by employing formal techniquessuch as the scientific method. Technologies are not usually exclusively productsof science, because they have to satisfy requirements such as utility, usabilityand safety.
Technology is often a consequence of science andengineering — although technology as a human activity precedes the twofields
In this sense, scientists and engineers mayboth be considered technologists; the three fields are often considered as onefor the purposes of research and reference.
The concept of humanrights has existed under several names in European thought for many centuries,After the king violated a number of ancient laws and customs by which Englandhad been governed, his subjects forced him to sign the Magna Carta, or GreatCharter, which enumerates a number of what later came to be thought of as humanrights. Among them were the rightsof the church to be free from governmentalinterference, the rights of all free citizens to own and inherit property and befree from excessive taxes. It established the right of widows who owned propertyto choose not to remarry, and established principles of due process and equalitybefore the law. It also contained provisions forbidding bribery and officialmisconduct. The political and religious traditions in other parts of the worldalso proclaimed what have come to be called human rights, calling on rulers torule justly and compassionately, and delineating limits on theirpowerover the lives, property, and activitiesof their citizens. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in Europeseveral
Philosophers proposed the concept of "natural rights," rights belonging to a person by nature and because he was ahuman being, not by virtue of his citizenship in a particular country ormembership in a particular religious or ethnic group. This concept wasvigorously debated and rejected by some philosophers as baseless. Others saw itas a formulation of the underlying principle on which all ideas of citizens'rights and political and religious liberty was based.
In the late 1700s tworevolutions occurred which drew heavily on this concept. In 1776 most of theBritish colonies in North America proclaimed their independence from the BritishEmpire in a document which still stirs feelings, and debate, the U.S.Declaration of Independence .